With pregnancy, a lot of things changes including your diet. Proper nutrition is imperative for the pregnant women because it directly affects the health of the unborn child. You thought to make wise food choices after considering the advice and suggestions that you receive during this phase of your life. It is important to develop healthy eating habits and consume nutrient-rich food to keep you and your baby healthy. You should seek the advice of your doctor as each person is different.
Why You Need Nutrition During Pregnancy?
The lifelong health of your baby relies on the diet that you take during pregnancy. This sums up the importance of pregnancy nutrition. The elements like toxin exposure, illness during pregnancy, stress, and malnutrition will affect the health of your child for the rest of his/her life.
Apart from the nourishment, it also affects epigenetics or expression of specific genetic programs passed via your DNA. Your own health also relies heavily on how well you were fed during this period. A proper diet can reduce the risks to your health and prevent pregnancy-related problems as well.
What Is the Nutrition That You Need During Pregnancy?
For ascertaining the proper nutrition during this phase, you should consider the macronutrient and micronutrient needs of your body. The essential nutrients that must be included in your meals are:
A Good Amount of Proteins:
During pregnancy, you should slightly increase your intake of proteins. The dietary proteins are the structural proteins or building blocks that stimulate a healthy growth of your unborn child. It helps in the development of enzymes, collagen, muscles, elastin, and tendons. You should consume nearly 71 gm of proteins for pregnancy nutrition. You should seek the advice of your doctor to take a protein supplement to fulfil these requirements. Remember, the proteins that you take should be diversified in their content of amino acids.
Fats are important to supply the required vitamins and calories during pregnancy. You should take a good amount of fats that fulfil 20% of your daily calorie requirements. If you take a slightly higher amount of fats than the minimum requirements, it provides a high level of fat-soluble vitamins needed for foetal development.
A minimum of 175 grams of carbohydrates is required per day for pregnant women. However, the women having gestational diabetes, excessive weight, a family history of diabetes, problems in earlier pregnancy, and high blood pressure should opt for a low-carb diet. You should seek the advice of your doctor each as person is different.
The optimal health during pregnancy depends on the intake of micronutrients during this stage of life. You must consume an adequate amount of nutrients including prenatal vitamins in your daily diet. Eat the food rich in choline, vitamins A, D, K2, and B12 apart from calcium, folate, iron, zinc, iodine, and magnesium.
You should include these nutrients in your diet for maintaining proper health during pregnancy.